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ASHRAE Makes Energy, Environment Recommendations to Congress
February 14 With the new Congress getting underway, ASHRAE has prepared a potential roadmap for the U.S. government to address many of the energy efficiency and environmental challenges facing the country.
The document, "Protecting America's Economy and Conserving Our Environment: The Buildings Answer," provides detailed recommendations on energy policy.
ASHRAE notes that, "fueled in part by population growth and the rise in building floorspace, the nation's demand and consumption of energy is expected to grow by 14% through 2035. Residential and commercial building energy expenditures accounted for $445.8 billion in 2008, and lead the way in primary energy use, accounting for approximately 40%, ahead of industry (32%) and transportation (28%)."
"Through innovative design and retrofits, buildings are one of the most cost-effective means of solving the nation's fiscal and energy challenges," said ASHRAE President Lynn G. Bellenger.
The ASHRAE report makes recommendation in a variety of areas including:
Energy Policy & Climate Change
Incentives for Implementing Energy Efficiency
- Require posting and annual updates of buildings' energy use
- Include energy efficiency as a renewable fuel source within renewable standards portfolio
- Encourage decoupling of utility rates from energy sales
- Encourage states to implement utility demand-side management programs
- Provide adequate funding and direction for data collection and analysis of energy use in buildings
- Support implementation of Smart Grid and micro-grid systems
- Remove barriers to grid-connection for on-site power generation
- Require states to adopt commercial building energy codes with ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004 as a minimum
Research and Development to Achieve Energy Goals
- Set realistic depreciation schedules for HVAC&R equipment to encourage high-efficiency replacements
- Ensure adequate planning time in extension or implementation of tax credits/deductions
- Incentivize widespread use of building commissioning, re-commissioning and retro-commissioning
- Support implementation of technologies utilizing energy previously deemed as waste heat
- Encourage ongoing education and training for operations and maintenance personnel and building designers and constructors
Fund research on
- Make the Business R&D Tax Credit permanent
- Continue increased funding under the American Competitiveness Initiative
Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)
- on-site and off-site renewable energy technologies
- building technologies for improved indoor environmental quality and energy efficiency
- building technologies and designs to achieve net-zero energy buildings
- human factors of building operation, occupancy and energy use
- characteristics and control of indoor contaminants
- improving teaching and learning of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) concepts
View the ASHRAE policy document here.
- Establish ASHRAE Standards 62.1, 62.2 and 55 as the major national minimum guidelines on indoor air quality (IAQ) and thermal comfort management
- Support research to significantly advance understanding of the impact of IEQ on work performance, health symptoms and perceived environmental quality in offices
- Fund research to understand the influences of HVAC&R on airborne pathogen transmission in public spaces and develop effective control strategies
- Continue government support for IAQ-related education and implementation programs
- Support research on the intersections between building energy efficiency and IAQ